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Mathematical Modelling and Data Analysis

Department 8.4

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Title: Determination of absorption changes from moments of distributions of times of flight of photons: optimization of measurement conditions for a two-layered tissue model
Author(s): A. Liebert, H. Wabnitz and C. Elster
Journal: Journal of biomedical optics
Year: 2012
Volume: 17
Issue: 5
Pages: 057005
International Society for Optics and Photonics
DOI: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.5.057005
ISSN: 1560-2281
Web URL: http://biomedicaloptics.spiedigitallibrary.org/article.aspx?articleid=1183164
Keywords: Absorption,Biological,Brain,Brain: metabolism,Computer Simulation,Head,Head: physiology,Humans,Light,Models,Near-Infrared,Near-Infrared: methods,Oximetry,Oximetry: methods,Oxygen,Oxygen: metabolism,Photons,Radiation,Reproducibility of Results,Scattering,Sensitivity and Specificity,Spectroscopy
Tags: 8.42
Abstract: Time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy allows for depth-selective determination of absorption changes in the adult human head that facilitates separation between cerebral and extra-cerebral responses to brain activation. The aim of the present work is to analyze which combinations of moments of measured distributions of times of flight (DTOF) of photons and source-detector separations are optimal for the reconstruction of absorption changes in a two-layered tissue model corresponding to extra- and intra-cerebral compartments. To this end we calculated the standard deviations of the derived absorption changes in both layers by considering photon noise and a linear relation between the absorption changes and the DTOF moments. The results show that the standard deviation of the absorption change in the deeper (superficial) layer increases (decreases) with the thickness of the superficial layer. It is confirmed that for the deeper layer the use of higher moments, in particular the variance of the DTOF, leads to an improvement. For example, when measurements at four different source-detector separations between 8 and 35 mm are available and a realistic thickness of the upper layer of 12 mm is assumed, the inclusion of the change in mean time of flight, in addition to the change in attenuation, leads to a reduction of the standard deviation of the absorption change in the deeper tissue layer by a factor of 2.5. A reduction by another 4% can be achieved by additionally including the change in variance.

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