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Bayesian uncertainty evaluation applied to the tilted-wave interferometer

07.05.2024

The tilted-wave interferometer is a promising technique for the development of a reference measurement system for the highly accurate form measurement of aspheres and freeform surfaces. The technique combines interferometric measurements, acquired with a special setup, and sophisticated mathematical evaluation procedures. To determine the form of the surface under test, a computational model is required that closely mimics the measurement process of the physical measurement instruments. The parameters of the computational model, comprising the surface under test sought, are then tuned by solving an inverse problem. Due to this embedded structure of the real experiment and computational model and the overall complexity, a thorough uncertainty evaluation is challenging. In a new publication, a Bayesian approach is proposed to tackle the inverse problem, based on a statistical model derived from the computational model of the tilted-wave interferometer. Such a procedure naturally allows for uncertainty quantification to be made. We present an approximate inference scheme to efficiently sample quantities of the posterior using Monte Carlo sampling involving the statistical model. In particular, the methodology derived is applied to the tilted-wave interferometer to obtain an estimate and corresponding uncertainty of the pixel-by-pixel form of the surface under test for two typical surfaces taking into account a number of key influencing factors. A statistical analysis using experimental design is employed to identify main influencing factors and a subsequent analysis confirms the efficacy of the method derived.


Authors:
Manuel Marschall; 8.4 Mathematical Modelling and Data Analysis
Ines Fortmeier; 4.2 Imaging and Wave Optics
Manuel Stavridis; 8.4 Mathematical Modelling and Data Analysis
Finn Hughes; 8.4 Mathematical Modelling and Data Analysis
Clemens Elster; 8.4 Mathematical Modelling and Data Analysis

For further information:
Manuel Marschall, Ines Fortmeier, Manuel Stavridis, Finn Hughes, and Clemens Elster, "Bayesian uncertainty evaluation applied to the tilted-wave interferometer," Opt. Express 32, 18664-18683 (2024), https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.524241.

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