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Inverted plasmonic lens design for nanometrology applications


Planar plasmonic lenses have attracted a great deal of interest over the last few years for their super-resolution focusing capabilites. These highly compact structures with dimensions of only a few micrometres allow for the focusing of light to sub-wavelength-sized spots with focal lengths reaching into the far-field. This offers opportunities for new methods in nanometrology; for example, applications in microscopic Mueller matrix ellipsometry setups. However, the conventional plasmonic lens is challenging to fabricate. We developed a new design for plasmonic lenses, which is called the inverted plasmonic lens, to accommodate the lithographic fabrication process. We used numerical simulations based on the finite element method in combination with particle swarm optimization to determine ideal parameter ranges and tolerances for the design of inverted plasmonic lenses for different wavelengths in the visible and near-infrared domain and focal lengths between 5 μm and 1 mm.


Käseberg, Tim; 4.2, Bild- und Wellenoptik, PTB-Braunschweig