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Analysis of dynamic measurements

Working Group 8.42


Dynamic measurements can be found in many areas of metrology and industry such as, for instance, in the measurement of time-dependent forces or accelerations. Methods from signal processing are often applied in the analysis of dynamic measurements. In many applications linear time-invariant systems are appropriate to model dynamic measurements, where the output signal is obtained as a convolution of the input signal and the measurement system’s impulse response. Input and output signal are not proportional to each other, and estimation of the system’s input signal from its output signal constitutes one important task in the analysis of dynamic measurements. Often digital filters are employed for this purpose. The evaluation of the uncertainty associated with the estimated input signal is particularly important from a metrological perspective.

Typical dynamic measurement with time-dependent errors in the output signal caused by the dynamic behavior of the measurement system.

Typical examples are measurements of mechanical quantities as, for example, force, torque and pressure. Further examples are oscilloscope measurements for the characterization of high speed electronics, hydrophone measurements for the characterization of medical ultrasound devices, the spectral characterization of radiation sources, spectral color measurements and camera-aided temperature measurements.



One focus of PTB‘s Working Group 8.42 is the development of methods for the estimation of the input signal from the output signal when the dynamic behavior of the measurement system has been characterized. This includes the development of procedures for the evaluation of the uncertainty associated with the estimated input signal. Another focus is the development of methods for the analysis of dynamic calibration measurements aimed at determining the dynamic behavior of a measurement system.



Publication single view


Title: A case study in model-based dynamic calibration of small strain gauge force transducers
Author(s): M. Kobusch and S. Eichstädt
Journal: Acta IMEKO
Year: 2017
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Pages: 3--12
DOI: 10.21014/acta_imeko.v6i1.433
Keywords: dynamic modelling, parameter identification, sine force calibration, shock force calibration
Tags: 8.4,8.42,Dynamik
Abstract: Abstract: Investigations of the model-based dynamic calibration of a small strain gauge force transducer of high bandwidth revealed new challenges for parameter identification. This paper discusses a more generalized mechanical model of the calibration set-up employed taking account of the transducer’s connection to its mechanical environment at both ends. Based on new experimental sine and shock force data, the improved model is studied and its parameters are identified. It is shown that the proposed model is capable of linking the calibration results of both calibration methods to a much better degree. This paper is an extended version of the original contribution to the IMEKO 2015 conference in Prague, Czech Republic.

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