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Production sequence of Si-spheres and interferometrical determination of the sphere volume

Precision Engineering

Division 5

Dimensions from several metres down to nanometres — precise dimensional metrology as backbone of a reliable and sustainable industrial production.


It is the main task of the division to assure the traceability of industrial measurements in different length and angle ranges by application of special measuring instruments, methods and standards. Also hardness metrology belongs to its scope. The aim of these activities is to offer traceability to industry in an adequate way and to jointly solve respective measurement challenges.
The research and development activities needed for these tasks focus on new measurement methods, instrumentation and standards. In addition the division is engaged in manufacturing and measurement tasks in the field foundations of metrology. The Scientific Instrumentation offers construction and manufacturing services for special components and precision instruments for the whole PTB.

5 Abteilungsbericht aus dem Jahresbericht 2020

Der Initiates file downloadAbteilungsbericht gibt einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Nachrichten und Ereignisse der Abteilung „Fertigungsmesstechnik“ des letzten Jahres und ergänzt somit den Opens internal link in current windowJahresbericht-2020 der PTB.


During manufacturing of precision silicon spheres, their geometry must be controlled every day. A novel setup has been designed with a compact measurement loop, optical sensors and a handling strategy which avoids collision and contact with the very valuable, superpolished spheres. The design reduces the measurement time at each equator with sub-nanometre resolution to three minutes. 

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PTB’s young scientist, Mutaib Zackaria, member of the research staff of the working group of hardness metrology, has won the IХ International Competition "The Best Young Metrologist of COOMET” in the field of applied metrology. His work on an automated approach to perform Rockwell hardness test convinced the distinguished scientific committee of the competition which included the representatives of international (BIPM, BIML) and regional (COOMET, AFRIMETS, EURAMET, SIM) metrology organizations.

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In order to achieve the smallest possible measurement uncertainty in the traceability of gear measurement quantities, the gears on coordinate measuring machines were previously calibrated in single-point probing mode. In recent years, numerous test measurements have been carried out in scanning mode on gears of different dimensions and gear parameters. An optimized measurement strategy has made it possible to achieve the same measurement uncertainties as in single-point probing mode, but with a time gain of more than a factor of 10.

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Data Analysis Service for Precision Engineering

The data analysis support provides advice to adopt numerical and system theoretical procedures to the specific tasks of the different departments. The support covers detailed advice and implementation support as well as tests and comparisons. Furthermore, the roughness reference software RPTB is also taken care of here, Opens external link in new windowhttps://www.ptb.de/rptb.

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