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Division 4

Division 4 which is responsible for optics is home to three base units: that of length, time and luminous intensity. On this basis, standards and measuring methods of highest accuracy are developed for various optical quantities.



Division "Optics" supports industry, science and society by providing measurement services, research and development in the field of optical technology. Based on the SI units of length, time and luminous intensity different units are realized and disseminated. Further more, accurate standards and measurement techniques are developed.

The division realizes the time scale UTC (PTB), which is the legal time in the Federal Republic of Germany, performs precision measurements in different fields of optics and cooperates in international standardisation and certification.

4 Abteilungsbericht aus dem Jahresbericht 2020

Der Initiates file downloadAbteilungsbericht gibt einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Nachrichten und Ereignisse der Abteilung „Optik“ des letzten Jahres und ergänzt somit den Opens internal link in current windowJahresbericht-2020 der PTB.


Im Rahmen des BMBF-Projektes SiM4diM entwickelt die PTB zusammen mit den Firmen JCMwave und Carl Zeiss IMT sowie der Hochschule Aalen neue Verfahren zur vollständigen Modellierung mikroskopisch-bildgebender Messsysteme auf der Grundlage rigoroser Beugungsrechnungen. Ziel ist es, mit diesem „virtuellen Mikroskop“ die bildbasierte industrielle Messtechnik signifikant zu verbessern und die Unsicherheit dimensionaler Metrologie auch im industriellen Umfeld um mehr als eine Größenordnung zu verringern.

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This contribution presents experimental and simulation results of a tiltable line scanning low coherence interferometer applied for form measurement of spherical and aspherical objects with a diameter of up to 300 mm.
The region of interest is sampled by multiple annular subapertures that are realigned employing stitching algorithms based on Cartesian- and Zernike polynomial fittings.
The paper addresses common challenges in the reduction and modeling of displacement errors associated with the motion of the interferometric sensor between subaperture measurements and compares the topography deviations of the experimental results with those simulated by a Monte Carlo based model.

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Uncertainty quantification by ensemble learning is explored in terms of an application known from the field of computational optical form measurements. The application requires solving a large-scale, nonlinear inverse problem. Ensemble learning is used to extend the scope of a recently developed deep learning approach for this problem in order to provide an uncertainty quantification of the solution to the inverse problem predicted by the deep learning method. By systematically inserting out-of-distribution errors as well as noisy data, the reliability of the developed uncertainty quantification is explored. Results are encouraging and the proposed application exemplifies the ability of ensemble methods to make trustworthy predictions on the basis of high-dimensional data in a real-world context.

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Offers for Students

As is the case at PTB in general, in Division Optics there is the possibility to write a student thesis, to complete an internship or to participate in research as a working student. If you are interested in the topics and projects of the working group, you can first contact the Opens external link in new windowcentral contact persons and mention the working group as a request.
Offers for Doctoral Candidates

As at PTB in general, Division Optics is active in many collaborations (with link to new Div. collaboration page) with universities, research institutions, industry and other metrology institutes worldwide. These collaborations support many exciting third-party funding opportunities for PhD students to become involved in PTB research. If you are interested in the topics and projects of the working groups, you can first inquire at the Opens external link in new windowjob postings.