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Realization of Torque

Working group 1.22

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Standard Machines, Calibration Machines

Woźniak, M.; Röske, D.
Investigation of the calibration and measurement capabilities of the new 5 kN·m torque calibration machine at GUM
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 443-446
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-092.pdf

Fraiss, Hans Jörg; Stenner, Lioba; Röske, D.
Development of a New 400 kN·m Torque Calibration Machine
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 196-200
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-039.pdf

Sanponpute, Tassanai; Arksonnarong, Nittaya; Brüge, Andreas; Saenkhum, Nattapon
Suspended-fulcrum torque standard machine, 2nd report
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 373-376
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-078.pdf

Röske, D.
Metrological characterization of a 1 N m torque standard machine at PTB, Germany

Metrologia 51 (2014) 87-96
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://iopscience.iop.org/0026-1394/51/1/87/

Baumgarten, S.; Röske, D.; Kahman, H.; Mauersberger, D.; Kumme, R.
Force/Torque measuring facility for friction coefficient and multi-component sensors
AMA Conferences, Sensor, Opto, IRS2, 14. -16.5. 2013, Nürnberg, pp. 28-33

Baumgarten, S.; Röske, D.; Kahmann, H.; Mauersberger, D.; Kumme, R.
Design of a facility for the precise simultaneous generation and measurement of force and torque
XX IMEKO World Congress, Metrology for Green Growth, 9. – 14. Sept. 2012, Busan Republic of Korea
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2012/IMEKO-WC-2012-TC3-O17.pdf

Röske, D.
Uncertainty in Torque Measurement with Torque Reference Facilities
Technisches Messen, Vol. 78, 2011, No 2,  S. 77-87 [in German]

Brüge, A.; Röske, D.; Mauersberger, D.; Adolf, K.
Influence of cross forces and bending moments on reference torque sensors for torque wrench calibration
Proc. of the XIX IMEKO World Congress "Fundamental and Applied Metrology”, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-11 September 2009, p. 356-361
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2009/IMEKO-WC-2009-TC3-330.pdf

Röske, D.
Uncertainty considerations for the physical quantity torque
China industry system - Technical Seminar of Torque Metrology Technology, Shanghai, 30, November - 04, December, 2006, China, 193 - 201

Röske, D.; Mauersberger, D.
On the stability of measuring devices for torque key comparisons
IMEKO XVIII World Congress and IV Brazilian Congress of Metrology, "Metrology for a Sustainable Development", Rio de Janeiro, 17-22, September, 2006, Brazil, on CD-ROM, file name: 00181.pdf

Peschel, D.; Röske, D.
Messunsicherheiten bei der Drehmomentmessung
Technisches Messen: 72 (2005), 5, 308 - 324

Röske, D.
Key comparisons in the field of torque measurement
19th International Conference on Force, Mass and Torque (IMEKO TC3): "Theory and Application in Laboratories and Industries", Cairo, 19-23, February, 2005, Egypt, on CD-ROM, file name: pdf\36.pdf

Bruns, Th.
Sinusoidal Torque Calibration: A Design for Traceability in Dynamic Torque Calibration
Proceedings of the XVII IMEKO World Congress (CD-ROM, file: TC3.pdf), "Metrology in the 3rd Millennium", Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 22-27, 2003

Ohgushi, K.; Ota, T.; Ueda, K.; Peschel, D.; Bruns, Th.
Load Dependency of the Moment-Arm Length in the Torque Standard Machine
Proceedings of the XVII IMEKO World Congress (CD-ROM, file: TC3.pdf), "Metrology in the 3rd Millennium", Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 22-27, 2003

Peschel, D.; Bruns, Th.; Weilu, S.; Yan, W.
Intercomparisons in Torque - What are Important criteria?
Proceedings of the Joint International Conference IMEKO TC3/TC5/TC20, Celle, Germany, 2002, VDI-Berichte 1685, VDI-Verlag GmbH, Düsseldorf, 2002, pp. 317-326

Röske, D.; Adolf K.; Peschel, D.
Lever Optimization for Torque Standard Machines
Proceedings of the XVIth IMEKO World Congress, September 25-28, 2000, Vienna, Austria, vol. III, pp. 247-251

Röske, D.
Zum Einfluss mechanischer Störkomponenten auf die Messung von Drehmomenten mit DMS-Aufnehmern
PTB-Bericht MA-63, Braunschweig, 1999

Peschel, D.
The State of the Art and Future Development of Metrology in the Field of Torque Measurement in Germany
Proceedings of the XIVth IMEKO World Congress, June 1-6, 1997, Tampere, Finland, vol. III, pp. 65-71

Brüge, A.
Influence of Rotation on Rotary Torque Transducers Calibrated without Rotation
Proceedings of the XIVth IMEKO World Congress, June 1-6, 1997, Tampere, Finland, vol. III, pp. 79-84

Peschel, D.
Proposal for the Design of Torque Calibration Machines Using the Principle of a Component System
Proceedings of the 15th IMEKO TC3 Conference, October 7-11, 1996, Madrid, Spain, pp. 251-254

Brüge, A.
Influence of Eccentric Mounting on the Calibration of Torque Measuring Devices
Proceedings of the 15th IMEKO TC3 Conference, October 7-11, 1996, Madrid, Spain, pp. 255-259

Röske, D.
Realization of the Unit of Torque - Determination of the Force-Acting Line Position in Thin Metal Belts
Proceedings of the 15th IMEKO TC3 Conference, October 7-11, 1996, Madrid, Spain, pp. 261-264

Ahedo, D. R.; Guzman, J. C. T.; Peschel, D.:
Diese´no y construcción de un sistema de medición de par torsional en CENAM (Mexico)
Metrology 96, International Conference Center of Havanna, October 29 - 31, 1996, Havanna, Cuba

Adolf, K.; Mauersberger, D.; Peschel, D.
Specifications and Uncertainty of Measurement of the PTB's 1 kNm Torque Standard Machine
Proceedings of the 14th IMEKO TC3 Conference, September 5-8, 1995, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 174-176

Röske, D.; Adolf, K.
On the Problem of Lever Arm Lengths in the Realization of the Torque - Finite Element Calculations on Lever Models
Proceedings of the 14th IMEKO TC3 Conference, September 5-8, 1995, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 178-182

Röske, D.
Finite Element Calculations on an Elastic Body for a Torque Transducer with Integrated Cross Force Measurement
Proceedings of the 14th IMEKO TC3 Conference, September 5-8, 1995, Warsaw, Poland, pp. 183-184

Peschel, D.; Mauersberger, D.
Determination of the Friction of Aerostatic Radial Bearings for the Lever-Mass System of Torque Standard Machines
Proceedings of the XIIIth IMEKO World Congress, September 5-9, 1994, Torino, Italy, pp. 216-220

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Torque Transducers, Multicomponent Transducers and Measuring Devices

Brüge, A.
Uncertainty restrictions of transfer click-torque wrenches
ACTA IMEKO, 4 (2015), 2, 23‐31
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://acta.imeko.org/index.php/acta-imeko/article/download/IMEKO-ACTA-04%20%282015%29-02-05/394

Brüge, A.
Refined uncertainty budget for reference torque calibration facilities
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 159-165
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-033.pdf

Baumgarten; S.; Röske, D. and Kumme, R.
Completion and measurement unvcertainty budget of the multi-component measuring device for force up to 1 MN and torque up to 2 kN·m
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 150-154
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-031.pdf

Ogushi, K.; Baumgarten, S.; Röske, D.
Another approach analyzing the crosstalk matrix for a precise force-torque transducer
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 329-332
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-068.pdf

Brüge, A.
Operating conditions for transfer click-torque wrenches
IMEKO International TC3, TC5 and TC22 Conference 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, 3 – 5 February 2014
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2014/IMEKO-TC3-2014-017.pdf

Brüge, A.
Creep Measurements in Reference Torque Calibration Machines
IMEKO 2010 TC3, TC5 and TC22 Conferences Metrology in Modern Context, Pattaya, Chonburi, Thailand, November 22-25, 2010, CD-ROM, p. 95-98
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2010/IMEKO-TC3-2010-NP-023.pdf

Park, Y.-K.; Kumme, R.; Roeske, D.; Kang, D.-I.
Evaluation of multi-component force transducers having column type sensing element
Proc. of the XIX IMEKO World Congress "Fundamental and Applied Metrology”, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-11 September 2009, p. 368-372
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2009/IMEKO-WC-2009-TC3-157.pdf

Lietz, S.; Tegtmeier, F. L.; Kumme, R.; Röske, D.; Kolwinski, U.; Zöller, K.
A new six-component force vector sensor - first investigations
IMEKO TC3 & TC16 & TC22 International Conference : 27th November - 1st December, 2007, Merida, Mexico, on CD-ROM, file name: ID-006.pdf

Röske, D.
Metrological Characterization of a Hexapod for a Multi-component Calibration Device
Proceedings of the XVII IMEKO World Congress (CD-ROM, file: TC3.pdf), "Metrology in the 3rd Millennium", Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 22-27, 2003

Röske, D.
Investigation of Different Joint Types for a Multi-component Calibration Device Based on a Hexapod Structure
Proceedings of the Joint International Conference IMEKO TC3/TC5/TC20, Celle, Germany, 2002, VDI-Berichte 1685, VDI-Verlag GmbH, Düsseldorf, 2002, pp. 27-34

Röske, D.; Peschel, D.; Adolf, K.
The Generation and Measurement of Arbitrarily Directed Forces and Moments: the Project of a Multicomponent Calibration Device Based on a Hexapod Structure
Proceedings of the 17th International Conference of IMEKO TC3 "Force, Mass, Torque and Pressure Measurements at Present and in the Future", Istanbul, Turkey, 17-21, September, 2001, pp. 339-349

Merlo, S.; Röske, D.
A Six-Component Standard: A Feasibility Study
Proceedings of the XVIth IMEKO World Congress, September 25-28, 2000, Vienna, Austria, vol. III, pp. 193-198

Röske, D.
A Multicomponent Force and Moment Transducer for Use in a 20 kN·m Torque Standard Machine
Proceedings of the XXI Convegno Dell'Associazione Italiana Per L'Analisi Delle Sollecitazioni, September 23-26, 1992,

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Particular Effects, Theoretical Treatments

Khaled, K. M.; Röske, D.; Abuelezz, A. E.; Elsherbiny, M.G.
Humidity and temperature effects on torque transducers, bridge calibration unit and amplifiers
Measurement 74 (2015) 31–42
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2015.07.007

Röske, D.
Uncertainty calculations using free CAS software MAXIMA

IMEKO International TC3, TC5 and TC22 Conference 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, 3 – 5 February 2014
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2014/IMEKO-TC3-2014-016.pdf

Brüge, A.
Simplified Measurements of the relative Humidity Coefficient of Torque Transducers in Calibration Laboratories
Acta IMEKO, June 2014, Vol 3, No 2 (2014), pp. 32 – 38
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://acta.imeko.org/index.php/acta-imeko/article/viewFile/IMEKO-ACTA-03 (2014)-02-09/257

Brüge, A.
Influence of Humidity to Torque Transducers – Estimation Methods for Calibration Laboratories
XX IMEKO World Congress, Metrology for Green Growth, 9. – 14. Sept. 2012, Busan, Republic of Korea
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2012/IMEKO-WC-2012-TC3-O30.pdf

Röske, D.
Uncertainty Contribution in the Case of Cosine Function with Zero Estimate – a Proposal
IMEKO 2010 TC3, TC5 and TC22 Conferences Metrology in Modern Context,
Pattaya, Chonburi, Thailand, November 22-25, 2010
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2010/IMEKO-TC3-2010-028.pdf

Brüge. A.
Mathematical Representation of Reference Torque Transducers in Partial-range Regimes
20th International Conference IMEKO TC3 & TC16 & TC22: 27th November - 1st December, 2007, Merida, Mexico
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2007/IMEKO-TC3-2007-098u.pdf

Brüge, A.; Peschel, D.; Röske, D.
The Influence of Misalignment on Torque Transducers
Proceedings of the XVIth IMEKO World Congress, September 25-28, 2000, Vienna, Austria, vol. III, pp. 13-17

Peschel, D.; Röske, D.
Particular aspects in the calibration and application of strain gauge torque measuring devices for quasi-static alternating torque loading
Measurement, Vol. 27, No. 1, January 2000, pp. 53–60
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0263-2241(99)00056-1

Peschel, D.; Röske, D.
Determination of Creep Value Using Short-Term Creep
Proceedings of the XVth IMEKO World Congress, June 13-18, 1999, Osaka, Japan, vol. III, pp. 245-249

Röske, D.
Investigation of the Influence of Disturbing Components on the Torque Measurement
Proceedings of the 16th IMEKO TC3 Conference, September 14-18, 1998, Taejon, Korea, pp. 280-285

Röske, D.
The Influence of Disturbing Components on the Torque Measurement, Demonstrated by the Example of Transducer Asymmetries
Proceedings of the XIIIth IMEKO World Congress, September 5-9, 1994, Torino, Italy, pp. 178-182

Peschel, D.
Mechanical Parasitic Components and Their Influence on the Calibration of Torque Transducers
Proceedings of the 13th IMEKO TC3 Conference, May 10-14, 1993, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 91-96

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Standardization, Calibration

Röske, D.
A German calibration guideline for torque wrench calibration devices revised
XXI IMEKO World Congress, 30. August - 4. September 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, 364-368
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2015/IMEKO-WC-2015-TC3-076.pdf

Röske, D.ISO 6789 under Revision – Proposals for Calibration Results of Hand Torque Tools including Measurement UncertaintyActa IMEKO, June 2014, Vol 3, No 2 (2014), pp. 23 – 27Link: Opens external link in new windowacta.imeko.org/index.php/acta-imeko/article/viewFile/IMEKO-ACTA-03 (2014)-02-07/255

Röske, D.
ISO 6789:2003 Calibration results of hand torque tools with measurement uncertainty – some proposals
XX IMEKO World Congress, Metrology for Green Growth, 9. – 14. Sept. 2012, Busan, Republic of Korea
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2012/IMEKO-WC-2012-TC3-O34.pdf

Röske, D.
The new version of the German torque calibration standard DIN 51309:2005-12 : a comparative overview
IMEKO TC3 & TC16 & TC22 International Conference: 27th November - 1st December, 2007, Merida, Mexico, on CD-ROM, file name: ID-101.pdf
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2007/IMEKO-TC3-2007-KL-101u.pdf

Brüge, A.
Fast Torque Calibrations Using Continuous Procedures
Proceedings of the Joint International Conference IMEKO TC3/TC5/TC20, Celle, Germany, 2002, VDI-Berichte 1685, VDI-Verlag GmbH, Düsseldorf, 2002, pp. 343-348

Peschel, D.; Brüge, A.
Calibration of Torque Measuring Devices - Step-by-step or Continuous Procedure
Proceedings of the 16th IMEKO TC3 Conference, September 14-18, 1998, Taejon, Korea, pp. 275-279

Röske, D.; Peschel, D.
Investigations into the Alternating Torque Calibration of Torque Transducers
Proceedings of the XIVth IMEKO World Congress, June 1-6, 1997, Tampere, Finland, vol. III, pp. 72-78

Peschel, D., Röske, D.
Correlation Between Calibration Results of Torque Transducers for Right-hand/Left-hand Torque and Those for Static Alternating Torque

Poster at the 15th IMEKO TC3 Conference, October 7-11, 1996, Madrid, Spain

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Comparison Measurements and Reports

Atsuhiro Nishino; Koji Ogushi; Kazunaga Ueda; Röske, D.; Mauersberger D.
Bilateral comparisons of measurement capabilities for the calibration of low nominal capacity torque measuring devices between NMIJ and PTB in the range from 0.1 N m to 10 N m using different procedures
Measurement 68 (May 2015), pp. 32-41

Röske, D.
Final report on the torque key komparison CCM.T-K1.2 measurand torque: 0 N · m, 500 N · m, 1000 N · m
Metrologia 52 (2015) 07006, doi:10.1088/0026-1394/52/1A/07006
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://iopscience.iop.org/0026-1394/52/1A/07006

Röske, D.
A German torque comparison from 20 N · m to 200 N · m and its results
IMEKO International TC3, TC5 and TC22 Conference 2014, Cape Town, South Africa, 3 – 5 February 2014
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.imeko.org/publications/tc3-2014/IMEKO-TC3-2014-015.pdf

Röske, D.
Bericht über den DKD Ringvergleich nach DIN 51309:2005-12: statische Drehmomente von 20 N · m bis 200 N · m
Expertenbericht DKD-V10.1, Ausgabe05/2014
Link: Opens external link in new windowhttp://www.ptb.de/cms/de/dienstleistungen/dkd/dkd-intern/publikationen.html
 
Koji, Ogushi; Atushiro Nishino; Koji Maeda; Kazunaga Ueda; Brüge, A.; Röske, D.
Inter-laboratory comparison of reference torque wrench calibration between NMIJ and PTB at the range from 200 N · m to 2 kN · m
AIST Bulletin of Metrology, Vol. 9, No.1, 1. March 2014, 8 pages

Koji Ogushi; Atsuhiro Nishino; Koji Maeda; Kazunaga Ueda; Andreas Brüge and Dirk Röske
Inter-laboratory Comparison of Reference Torque Wrench Calibration between NMIJ and PTB in the Range of from 200 N · m to 2 kN · m
XX IMEKO World Congress, Metrology for Green Growth, 9. – 14. Sept. 2012, Busan, Republic of Korea
Link: http://www.imeko.org/publications/wc-2012/IMEKO-WC-2012-TC3-O32.pdf

Röske, D.
Final Report on the Torque Comparison EURAMET.M.T-S1 Measurand Torque: 1 N·m, 5 N·m, 10 N·m, 50 N·m, 200 N·m, 500 N·m, and 1000 N·m
Metrologia, 47 (2010), Tech. Suppl., 07010
Link: http://www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/final_reports/M/T-S1/EURAMET.M.T-S1.pdf

Röske, D.
Final report on the torque key comparison CCM.T-K1.1: Measurand torque: 0 N·m, 500 N·m, 1000 N·m
Metrologia, 47 (2010), Tech. Suppl., 07006
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/47/1A/07006

Röske, D.
Final report on the torque key comparison CCM.T-K1. Measurand torque: 0 N·m, 500 N·m, 1000 N·m
Metrologia: 46 (2009), Tech. Suppl., 07002 [Online only], 32 S.
Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0026-1394/46/1A/07002

Röske, D.
Die Messung des Drehmoments: von der Schraube bis zur Turbinenwelle
PTB-Mitteilungen 118 (2008) Heft 3, S. 158-165

Röske, D.
Mehrkomponentenmessungen der mechanischen Größen Kraft und Moment
PTB-Mitteilungen 118 (2008) Heft 3, S. 166-169

Pusa, A.; Röske, D.; Sachs, M.
Comparison measurements of MIKES-RAUTE 20 kN·m torque reference device with the PTB
19th International Conference on Force, Mass and Torque (IMEKO TC3): "Theory and Application in Laboratories and Industries", Cairo, 19-23, February, 2005, Egypt, on CD-ROM, file name: pdf\33.pdf

Peschel, D.; Peters, M.
WECC Inter-laboratory Comparison T1A and T1B. Torque Transducer Calibration
PTB-Bericht, PTB-MA-37, 1994

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Standards and Guidelines

  • Static Torque Measuring Devices
    DIN 51309:2005-12 (E) - Calibration of static torque measuring devices, Issue 2005-12

  • Torque Measuring Devices for Static Alternating Torque
    DKD-R 3-5 - Calibration of torque measuring devices for static alternating torque, Issue 1998-12, Download

  • Indicating Torque Wrenches
    DKD-R 3-7 - Static calibration of indicating torque wrenches, Issue 2003-10, Download

  • Torque Tool Calibration Devices
    DKD-R 3-8 - Static calibration of torque tool calibration devices, Issue 2003-10, Download

  • DIN EN ISO 6789 - Hand Torque Tools, Issue October 2003 (to replace DIN ISO 6789: 1993-12)

  • BS 7882:2008 - Method for Calibration and Classification of Torque Measuring Devices, 2008

  • ASTM - Standard Practice of Calibration of Torque Measuring Instruments for Verifying the Torque Indication of Torque Testing Machines,

  • EURAMET/cg-14/v.01 - Guidelines on the Calibration of Static Torque Measuring Devices, Issue 2000-07, (Previously EA-10/14) Download

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