The MLS is designed as a dedicated UV/VUV source. The available
low energy spectra from the bending magnets as well as from an undulator perfectly complement
the spectra available at BESSY II. Moreover, the MLS can be operated in a so-called low-α mode
for the generation of coherent synchrotron radiation in the FIR/THz spectral range via short
electron bunches. Essential for PTB is the operation of the storage ring as a primary source
standard. Therefore a high stability and reproducibility of the storage ring settings is required
as well as equipment for the precise determination of the storage ring parameters.
The MLS has a circumference of 48 m and is designed as an asymmetric
double-bend achromate with twofold symmetry. Each of the eight 45˚ bending magnets can be equipped
with two front ends. The MLS has two long and two short straight sections. The long straight section
can accommodate undulators of the BESSY II design which enables PTB to operate its U180 undulator that
had been in operation at the BESSY II electron storage ring for years in one of these sections.
Injection will be effected from a 105 MeV microtron, the electron energy is then ramped to the desired value.
The electron energy can be chosen in the range from 105 MeV to 630 MeV, i. e. the characteristic energy
can be tuned in the range from 1.7 eV up to 364 eV in order to adjust the spectral shape to the requirements
of the calibration task. The electron beam current can be adjusted in a range of more than 11 orders of
magnitude, i. e. from a single electron (1 pA) up to 200 mA, in order to comply with the dynamic range of a
device to be calibrated.
||double bend achromat
||105 MeV to 630 MeV
|magnetic induction of bending magnet
||0.43 T to 1.3 T
||3.4 nm to 735 nm
|characteristic photon energy
||1.7 eV to 364 eV
|electron beam current
||1 pA to 200 mA
|natural emittance (600 MeV)
||100 nm rad