DST and midsummer DST in Germany until 1979
The following list was kindly given to the PTB by the Deutsches Hydrographisches Institut, Hamburg. The information agrees, except for the year 1945, with that found in Grimm, Hoffmann, Ebertin, Puettjer, "Die Geographischen Positionen Europas", Ebertin-Verlag, Freiburg 1994 (GHEP). GHEP states for all years the issues of the Reichsgesetzblatt or the pertinent session of the allied control council which allows to check the validity of the dates given below. Therefore information from GHEP has been used for the tables shown below. According to GHEP, rules in the three western zones differed from those in Berlin and the Sowjet zone (see section (c) below).
Clocks were advanced one hour with respect to CET:
|1916-04-30||23:00:00 CET||to||1916-10-01||1:00:00 CEST|
|1917-04-16||2:00:00 CET||to||1917-09-17||3:00:00 CEST|
|1918-04-15||2:00:00 CET||to||1918-09-16||3:00:00 CEST|
1919 to 1939: No DST
|1940-04-01||2:00:00 CET||to||1942-11-02||3:00:00 CEST|
|1943-03-29||2:00:00 CET||to||1943-10-04||3:00:00 CEST|
|1944-04-03||2:00:00 CET||to||1944-10-02||3:00:00 CEST|
|1945-04-02||2:00:00 CET||to||1945-09-16||2:00:00 CEST|
|1946-04-14||2:00:00 CET||to||1946-10-07||3:00:00 CEST|
|1947-04-06||3:00:00 CET||to||1947-10-05||3:00:00 CEST|
|1948-04-18||2:00:00 CET||to||1948-10-03||3:00:00 CEST|
|1949-04-10||2:00:00 CET||to||1949-10-02||3:00:00 CEST|
Since 1950 no DST
|1947-05-11||3:00:00 CEST||to||1947-06-29||3:00:00 CEMT|
1945-05-24, 02:00 CET (?) change to CEMT until 1945-09-24, 03:00:00 CEMT (?), followed by CEST until 1945-11-18, 03:00 CEST (?).
According to GHEP, in 1949 DST commenced at 03:00 CET.
According to the "Archiv für publizist. Arbeit" (Munzinger-Archiv) 652 (Zeitsystem) of November 25, 1961, 8670, midsummer DST was also effective from May 31, 1945 until September 23, 1945 (regions not specified).
|UT: Universal Time ("Greenwich-Time") |
|DST: Daylight Saving Time |
|CET||= UT + 1 h :||Central European Time |
|CEST||= UT + 2 h :||Central European Summer Time |
|CEMT||= UT + 3 h :||Central European Midsummer Time|